Federal Agencies Lag in Security Preparedness
When it comes to ensuring compliance with information security rules or best practices, a substantial minority of federal agencies still aren’t making the cut
When it comes to ensuring compliance with information security rules or best practices, a substantial minority of federal agencies still aren't making the cut.
That's the conclusion of the "Seventh Report Card on Computer Security at Federal Departments and Agencies," the latest edition of an annual report prepared by the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee.
The 2007 agency "report card" gives nine out of 24 federal agencies -- including, crucially, the Department of Defense, the Department of the Treasury, the Department of the Interior, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission -- failing grades for their abilities to secure data.
Federal agencies as a whole received a "C" (up from a "C-" in 2006).
Representative Tom Davis (Republican, Va.) takes a glum view of the report's findings. "We need to do more to bring consistency to the [information governance] community regarding standards and review," said Davis in a prepared release. "We need to seriously consider incentives for agency success and funding penalties and personnel reforms for agencies that don't measure up. We need a bill with teeth, and we need agencies to understand the goal is to keep information safe, not to check a statutory box."
The report assesses federal agencies on the basis of annual information security testing; security plans of action, milestones, or corrective-action measures; whether their systems are certified and accredited as "secure;" security configuration management; their ability to detect and quickly react to security breaches; the existence and effectiveness of their security training programs; and the overall accuracy of their inventories.
Only two departments -- the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) -- received "A+" grades in both 2006 and 2007. Both the Department of Justice and the Environmental Protection Agency slipped from "A+" grades in 2006 to a more sobering "A-." The Social Security Administration received "A" grades in both 2006 and 2007, while three departments -- Housing and Urban Development, the Office of Personnel Management, and the General Services Administration -- improved their 2006 showings to achieve "A" or better grades in 2007.
In addition to traditional metrics, the newest agency report card takes several additional factors into account -- including (significantly) each agency's financial statements for fiscal year 2007. It's for this reason that USAID, the NSF, and the Social Security Administration (SSA) were all commended for what the report's authors call their "sterling" financials. Similarly, both HUD and the DOJ received low-confidence "A's" because of their "weaker" financial results.
Interestingly, a number of agencies (including the Department of Energy, the Department of Homeland Security, NASA, and the Department of Education) slipped drastically, slipped precipitously, notching "D" or lower grades.