Off-Cycle Patch Targets Worm-Like Windows Bug
Weaknesses in server service mechanisms could allow for remote code execution
Redmond on Thursday released a critical out-of-cycle security patch affecting Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 systems.
The software giant said weaknesses in server service mechanisms within these OSes could allow for remote code execution (RCE) exploits through the use of a "specially crafted" remote procedure call (RPC) request.
RPC technology, first adopted by Microsoft in the mid-1980s, allows subroutine code to execute on other computers on a shared network. What's unique about this RPC vulnerability is that subroutines can be executed without programmer interference. It allows an almost automatic remote interaction between CPUs in a shared processing environment.
An attacker could exploit this vulnerability in the affected Windows OSes and run arbitrary code without authentication. Redmond is hastening an out-of-cycle patch because the vulnerability is reminiscent of self-replicating malware or a "wormable exploit," as Microsoft calls it.
"Based on the number of Windows systems that are potentially exposed to a massive attack, it was in Microsoft's best interest to just go ahead and patch it," said Jon Oltsik, an analyst at Milfort, Mass.-based IT research firm Enterprise Strategy Group. "This exploit that applies to this fix is not in the wild to a great degree but the thinking behind the bulletin was probably 'why wait?'."
Security experts say that for users running newer versions of Windows, such as Vista and Windows Server 2008, the potential attack associated with this bulletin cannot be anonymous and must use authenticated user credentials to exploit the vulnerability. However, they do warn that this does not mean it's impossible to exploit the vulnerability in a newer Windows OS. It just won't be as easy.
Nevertheless, the common consensus among observers is that IT pros should install the patch now.
"In normal situations, administrators could typically test the patch against their production network to ensure the patch does not break functionality," said Jason Miller, security data team manager at St. Paul, Minn.-based Shavlik Technologies. "But in this situation, enterprise IT workers should patch this vulnerability immediately to their servers and workstations."
It's not often that Redmond issues off-cycle or out-of-band patches. It has done so just a handful of times since 2006. Coincidentally, 2006 was the year a similar patch pertaining to this issue was released. Thursday's patch replaces that September 2006 hotfix.
Because the fix is critical and will require a restart, security pros say IT managers and staff should collaborate to ensure seamless installation and testing. They recommend coordinating with desktop or end-point support personnel, as well as with network administrators and off-site consultants, where applicable.
-- Jabulani Leffall